Prospects of vacuum-assisted consolidation for ground improvement of coastal and offshore fills

S. Thevanayagam, E. Kavazanjian, A. Jacob, I. Juran

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Vacuum-assisted consolidation can be an effective alternative for conventional surcharging to improve fine-grained soils. Cost and implementation difficulties were the major drawbacks for its effective use in engineering practice. Recent technological advances in the application of geosynthetic materials have now made on-land vacuum consolidation an attractive and cost-effective alternative to conventional mechanical surcharging for improvement of compressible soils. Experience from recent field applications of on-land vacuum consolidation at the Port of Los Angeles, Tianjin Harbor-China, Japan, and France indicates that the technology holds technical merit and is cost-effective compared to other conventional techniques. Potential uses of vacuum technology currently under consideration by the Port of Los Angeles include improvement of deposits of soft soils in the existing hydraulic fills, strengthening weak foundation soils on the sea floor below the fills or adjacent to Waterfront retaining facilities, and accelerated consolidation of fine-grained hydraulic fills during construction. Application of vacuum-assisted consolidation in the latter cases potentially offers significant advantages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-105
Number of pages16
JournalGeotechnical Special Publication
Issue number45
StatePublished - 1994
EventProceedings of the ASCE National Convention - Atlanta, GA, USA
Duration: Oct 9 1994Oct 13 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


Dive into the research topics of 'Prospects of vacuum-assisted consolidation for ground improvement of coastal and offshore fills'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this