Provider and LGBT individuals' perspectives on LGBT issues in long-term care: A systematic review

Billy A. Caceres, Jasmine Travers, Jillian E. Primiano, Rachel E. Luscombe, Caroline Dorsen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Background and Objectives: Discrimination toward the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) population has raised concerns about the type of long-term services and supports (LTSS) that will be available to them as they age. To understand the unique needs of aging LGBT populations, we sought to synthesize and critique the evidence related to LTSS providers and LGBT individuals' perspectives of LGBT issues in LTSS in the United States. Research Design and Methods: Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, a systematic review of the literature was conducted. The Crowe Critical Appraisal Tool was used to appraise the quality of the included studies. Results: Nineteen studies met inclusion criteria. Seven studies that examined the perspectives of LTSS providers identified two themes, including that they lack knowledge and training on LGBT health issues and generally report negative attitudes toward same-sex relations among older adults. In addition, 12 studies that examined the perspectives of LGBT individuals found that they (i) are concerned about LTSS planning, (ii) fear discrimination from providers in LTSS, and (iii) identify several strategies for improving care of LGBT older adults receiving LTSS. Discussion and Implications: This systematic review highlights the importance for LTSS providers to receive training in LGBT health and be reflective of potential biases toward the LGBT population. LGBT individuals identified concerns related to LTSS planning and fear of discrimination from LTSS providers. LGBT individuals also identified a need for increased training of providers to improve the care of LGBT older adults in LTSS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E169-E183
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2 2020


  • Discrimination
  • LGBT health
  • Literature synthesis
  • Long-term services and supports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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