Psychoactive drug use and progression of HIV infection

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Early in the history of the AIDS epidemic there was clear evidence of differences in the outcomes of HIV infection between injecting drug users and men who have sex with men. There were also some indications that high levels of nonsterile drug injection may increase the progression of HIV infection. Recent epidemiologic studies indicate no differences in rates of progression to AIDS among drug injectors, men who have sex with men, or persons infected through heterosexual contact. In vitro and animal studies suggest that the effects of different psychoactive drugs on HIV infection may be negative, positive, or mixed, and that the effects of a psychoactive drug on immune functioning may differ among acute administration, chronic administration, or cessation of chronic administration. Although the current epidemiologic data do not provide support for the hypothesis that psychoactive drug use will have any important effects on the course of HIV infection, possible interactions between psychoactive drugs and antiviral medications and medication adherence issues among drug users are important areas for AIDS research. Relations between psychoactive drug use, the nervous system, and the immune system are a promising area for basic research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-274
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1999

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • HIV
  • Immune system
  • Outcomes
  • Progression
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Virology

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