Psychological responses to physical restraint use in older adults.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A view of physical restraint in older adults as ineffective, harmful, and assaultive to the dignity of the individual rather than routine and efficacious, created a paradigm shift among consumers and professionals. Studies exploring the response to restraint and interventions to help a restrained individual resolve the trauma, the assault on their personal integrity, and the loss of control, are needed. Recognition that physical restraint can be traumatic for individuals warrants an assessment of psychological responses of restrained older adults by health professionals and supports the goal of restraint reduction or elimination

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-25
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing
  • Phychiatric Mental Health


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