Psychophysical evidence for a magnocellular pathway deficit in dyslexia

Jonathan B. Demb, Geoffrey M. Boynton, Mary Best, David J. Heeger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The relationship between reading ability and psychophysical performance was examined to test the hypothesis that dyslexia is associated with a deficit in the magnocellular (M) pathway. Speed discrimination thresholds and contrast detection thresholds were measured under conditions (low mean luminance, low spatial frequency, high temporal frequency) for which psychophysical performance presumably depends on M pathway integrity. Dyslexic subjects had higher psychophysical thresholds than controls in both the speed discrimination and contrast detection tasks, but only the differences in speed thresholds were statistically significant. In addition, there was a strong correlation between individual differences in speed thresholds and reading rates. These results support the hypothesis for an M pathway abnormality in dyslexia, and suggest that motion discrimination may be a more sensitive psychophysical predictor of dyslexia than contrast sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1555-1559
Number of pages5
JournalVision research
Volume38
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1998

Keywords

  • Contrast sensitivity
  • Magno
  • Motion discrimination
  • Psychophysics
  • Specific reading disability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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