Psychosocial adjustment of women to living with HIV/AIDS

Daniel Karus, Karolynn Siegel, Victoria H. Raveis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Psychosocial adjustment to living with HIV/AIDS was examined in a purposive sample of 146 New York City, African-American, Puerto Rican, and White non-Hispanic women using the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale, self-report version (PAIS-SR). Puerto Rican participants reported significantly more problems than African-Americans on the Summary Scale and the Domestic Environment and Psychological Distress domain subscales and significantly more problems than either Whites or African-Americans on the Social Environment domain subscale. Problematic sexual relationships were found to be significantly associated with race/ethnicity, although scores did not differ significantly between any two groups. On average, women in all three racial/ethnic groups reported high levels of psychosocial adjustment problems to their illness relative to normative data for cancer patients. These findings suggest that, while all HIV-infected women may be at risk for problematic psychosocial adjustment to living with HIV/AIDS, Puerto Rican women may be especially vulnerable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-287
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1999


  • Psychosocial adjustment
  • Race/ethnicity
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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