Psychosocial Outcomes in Later Life: A Multivariate Model

Leslie D. Frazier, Frederick L. Newman, James Jaccard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A conceptual model was developed to identify developmental self-regulatory pathways to optimal psychosocial outcomes in adulthood. The model delineates influences among age, possible selves, developmental processes (i.e., coping, control), and well-being. Results showed age effects on all constructs except selective control. Three consistently common predictors of well-being (i.e., goal pursuit, goal adjustment, and optimization) emerged. The effects of age on well-being were differentially mediated by developmental processes. Specifically, negative age-related changes in offensive processes (i.e., goal attainment) were offset by positive influences of defensive processes (i.e., goal adjustment), which had the net effect of preserving well-being. The model demonstrates a more optimistic pattern of aging in which gains offset losses leading to positive outcomes and highlights the importance of examining both independent and combined influences of age, self, and developmental processes on psychosocial outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)676-689
Number of pages14
JournalPsychology and aging
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2007


  • control
  • coping
  • possible selves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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