PTSD symptoms and comorbid mental disorders in Israeli war veterans

Andrew E. Skodol, Sharon Schwartz, Bruce P. Dohrenwend, Itzhak Levav, Patrick E. Shrout, Marian Reiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. The purpose of this study was to investigate patterns of mental disorders co-morbid with PTSD symptoms in young Israeli men exposed to combat. Method. Six hundred and seventeen subjects were selected via a general population sample and evaluated in a two-phase case-identification procedure, culminating in a modified SADS-L interview, administered by psychiatrists. Results. Major depressive disorder (OR=3.2), substance use disorders (OR=1.9) and personality disorders (OR=3.0) occurred more frequently in men reporting symptoms of PTSD than in men who had been under fire who did not report symptoms. With the possible exception of personality disorders, comorbid disorders did not constitute risk factors for PTSD. Comorbid PTSD and RDC disorders were associated with increased help-seeking. Conclusions. The results suggest similar rates and types of PTSD comorbidity in Israeli war veterans as in veterans in the US assessed in general population studies, and are consistent with shared risk factors for PTSD and comorbid disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)717-725
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Volume169
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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