Public goods, club goods, and the measurement of crowding

Michael Reiter, Alfons J. Weichenrieder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper shows that some frequently used measures of the degree of publicness of publicly provided goods and club goods are seriously affected by metrization problems. The paper proposes measures that do not depend on arbitrary metrization conventions, and discusses the relationship of these measures to the question of private provision and optimal club size.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-79
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Urban Economics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1999


  • Club goods
  • Crowding
  • Publicness
  • Quasi public goods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Urban Studies


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