Quantitative analysis of differentially expressed saliva proteins in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infected individuals

Nawei Zhang, Zhenyu Zhang, Shan Feng, Qingtao Wang, Daniel Malamud, Haiteng Deng

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    In the present study, we have established a new methodology to analyze saliva proteins from HIV-1-seropositive patients before highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and seronegative controls. A total of 593 and 601 proteins were identified in the pooled saliva samples from 5 HIV-1 subjects and 5 controls, respectively. Forty-one proteins were found to be differentially expressed. Bioinformatic analysis of differentially expressed salivary proteins showed an increase of antimicrobial proteins and decrease of protease inhibitors upon HIV-1 infection. To validate some of these differentially expressed proteins, a high-throughput quantitation method was established to determine concentrations of 10 salivary proteins in 40 individual saliva samples from 20 seropositive patients before HAART and 20 seronegative subjects. This method was based on limited protein separation within the zone of the stacking gel of the 1D SDS PAGE and using isotope-coded synthetic peptides as internal standards. The results demonstrated that a combination of protein profiling and targeted quantitation is an efficient method to identify and validate differentially expressed salivary proteins. Expression levels of members of the calcium-binding S100 protein family and deleted in malignant brain tumors 1 protein (DMBT1) were up-regulated while that of Mucin 5B was down-regulated in HIV-1 seropositive saliva samples, which may provide new perspectives for monitoring HIV-infection and understanding the mechanism of HIV-1 infectivity.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)61-66
    Number of pages6
    JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
    StatePublished - Apr 24 2013


    • HIV-1
    • Limited separation
    • Proteomics
    • Quantitation
    • Saliva

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Analytical Chemistry
    • Biochemistry
    • Environmental Chemistry
    • Spectroscopy


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