Quantum Computing: Circuits, Algorithms, and Applications

Muhammad Ali Shafique, Arslan Munir, Imran Latif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Quantum computing, a transformative field that emerged from quantum mechanics and computer science, has gained immense attention for its potential to revolutionize computation. This paper aims to address the fundamentals of quantum computing and provide a comprehensive guide for both novices and experts in the field of quantum computing. Beginning with the foundational principles of quantum computing, we introduce readers to the fundamental concepts of qubits, superposition, entanglement, interference, and noise. We explore quantum hardware, quantum gates, and basic quantum circuits. This study offers insight into the current phase of quantum computing, including the noisy intermediate-scale quantum (NISQ) era and its potential for solving real-world problems. Furthermore, we discuss the development of quantum algorithms and their applications, with a focus on famous algorithms like Shor's algorithm and Grover's algorithm. We also touch upon quantum computing's impact on various industries, such as cryptography, optimization, machine learning, and material science. By the end of this paper, readers will have a solid understanding of quantum computing's principles, applications, and the steps involved in developing quantum circuits. Our goal is to provide a valuable resource for those eager to embark on their quantum computing journey and for researchers looking to stay updated on this rapidly evolving field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22296-22314
Number of pages19
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2024


  • entanglement
  • interference
  • quantum algorithms
  • quantum applications
  • quantum circuits
  • Quantum computing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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