Quantum confinement in few layer SnS nanosheets

John D. Dwyer, Elizabeth Juarez Diaz, Thomas E. Webber, Adlai Katzenberg, Miguel A. Modestino, Eray S. Aydil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Orthorhombic tin monosulfide (SnS) consists of layers of covalently bound Sn and S atoms held together by weak van der Waals forces and is a stable two-dimensional material with potentially useful properties in emerging applications such as valleytronics. Large-scale sustainable synthesis of few-layer (e.g., 1-10 layers) SnS is a challenge, which also slows progress in understanding their properties as a function of number of layers. Herein we describe solvothermal synthesis of SnS in water or ethylene glycol. The latter yields a flower-like morphology where the petals are SnS nanoplates and sonication and separation of these flowers via differential centrifugation yields 1-10 layer SnS nanoplates. The direct optical absorption edges of these SnS nanoplates blue-shift due to quantum confinement from 1.33 to 1.88 eV as the thickness (number of layers) is decreased from ∼5 nm (10 layers) to ∼2 nm (4 layers).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number245705
Issue number24
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019


  • 2D materials
  • SnS
  • quantum confinement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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