We study an admissions control problem, where a queue with service rate 1 ? p receives incoming jobs at rate ? ? (1?p, 1), and the decision maker is allowed to redirect away jobs up to a rate of p, with the objective of minimizing the time-average queue length. We show that the amount of information about the future has a significant impact on system performance, in the heavy-traffic regime. When the future is unknown, the optimal average queue length diverges at rate ? log 1 1p 11, as 1. In sharp contrast, when all future arrival and service times are revealed beforehand, the optimal average queue length converges to a finite constant, (1 ? p)/p, as ? ? 1. We further show that the finite limit of (1 ? p)/p can be achieved using only a finite lookahead window starting from the current time frame, whose length scales as O(log 1 1 ), as ? ? 1. This leads to the conjecture of an interesting duality between queuing delay and the amount of information about the future.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Hardware and Architecture