We use cross-national data on real GDP per capita, obtained from the Penn World Table (Mark V), and on expenditures for R&D and the number of scientists and engineers engaged in R&D per capita, taken from UNESCO Statistical Yearbooks, covering the period 1960-1988. We find that R&D activity is significant in explaining cross-national differences in growth only among the more developed countries. Among middle income and less developed ones, the effects are insignificant. Our analysis also suggests that R&D activity has changed in importance over time, with returns to R&D diminishing sharply between the 1960s and 1970s, followed by a modest recovery in the 1980s. / 1995 Academic Press Limited.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Trade, growth, and technical change|
|Editors||Daniele Archibugi, Jonathan Michie|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|State||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Economics and Econometrics