Rapid online solid-state battery diagnostics with optically pumped magnetometers

Yinan Hu, Geoffrey Z. Iwata, Lykourgos Bougas, John W. Blanchard, Arne Wickenbrock, Gerhard Jakob, Stephan Schwarz, Clemens Schwarzinger, Alexej Jerschow, Dmitry Budker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Solid-state battery technology is motivated by the desire to deliver flexible power storage in a safe and efficient manner. The increasingly widespread use of batteries from mass production facilities highlights the need for a rapid and sensitive diagnostic tool for identifying battery defects. We demonstrate the use of atomic magnetometry to measure the magnetic fields around miniature solid-state battery cells. These fields encode information about battery manufacturing defects, state of charge, and impurities, and they can provide important insights into battery aging processes. Compared with SQUID-based magnetometry, the availability of atomic magnetometers, however, highlights the possibility of constructing a low-cost, portable, and flexible implementation of battery quality control and characterization technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7864
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020


  • Atomic magnetometer
  • Magnetic susceptibility
  • Magnetization
  • Rapid online diagnostics
  • Solid-state battery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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