Rats self-administer nonrewarding brain stimulation to ameliorate aversion

Kenneth D. Carr, Edgar E. Coons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hypothalamic stimulation in rats both reduces escape from noxious hindbrain stimulation and sustains self-administration only when hindbrain stimulation is inescapable. Self-administration reflects an aversion-ameliorative action of brain stimulation and not a positive reinforcement process. The psychophysical testing used is offered as a model for establishing the analgesic properties of brain stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1516-1517
Number of pages2
Issue number4539
StatePublished - 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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