Rayleigh-Bénard thermal convection perturbed by a horizontal heat flux

Jinzi Mac Huang, Jun Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In Rayleigh-Bénard convection, it has been found that the amount of heat passing through the fluid has a power-law dependence on the imposed temperature difference. Modifying this dependence, either enhancing or reducing the heat transfer capability of fluids, is important in many scientific and practical applications. Here, we present a simple means to control the vertical heat transfer in Rayleigh-Bénard convection by injecting heat through one lateral side of the fluid domain and extracting the same amount of heat from the opposite side. This horizontal heat flux regulates the large-scale circulation, and increases the heat transfer rate in the vertical direction. Our numerical and theoretical studies demonstrate how a classical Rayleigh-Bénard convection responds to such a perturbation when the system is near or well above the onset of convection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA90
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
StatePublished - Jan 10 2023


  • Bénard convection
  • buoyancy-driven instability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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