Re-expression of the methylated EDNRB gene in oral squamous cell carcinoma attenuates cancer-induced pain

Chi T. Viet, Yi Ye, Dongmin Dang, David K. Lam, Stacy Achdjian, Jianan Zhang, Brian L. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Endothelin-1 is a vasoactive peptide that activates both the endothelin A (ETA) and endothelin B (ETB) receptors, and is secreted in high concentrations in many different cancer environments. Although ET A receptor activation has an established nociceptive effect in cancer models, the role of ETB receptors on cancer pain is controversial. EDNRB, the gene encoding the ETB receptor, has been shown to be hypermethylated and transcriptionally silenced in many different cancers. In this study we demonstrate that EDNRB is heavily methylated in human oral squamous cell carcinoma lesions, which are painful, but not methylated in human oral dysplasia lesions, which are typically not painful. ETB mRNA expression is reduced in the human oral squamous cell carcinoma lesions as a consequence of EDNRB hypermethylation. Using a mouse cancer pain model, we show that ETB receptor re-expression attenuates cancer-induced pain. These findings identify EDNRB methylation as a novel regulatory mechanism in cancer-induced pain and suggest that demethylation therapy targeted at the cancer microenvironment has the potential to thwart pain-producing mechanisms at the source, thus freeing patients of systemic analgesic toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2323-2332
Number of pages10
JournalPain
Volume152
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • Cancer pain
  • EDNRB
  • Endothelin B receptor
  • Methylation
  • Oral squamous cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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