Real-time, simulation-enhanced interprofessional education in the care of older adults with multiple chronic comorbidities: a utilization-focused evaluation

Charles P. Tilley, Janna Roitman, Kimberly P. Zafra, Mary Brennan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Interprofessional education (IPE) is a curricular requirement for all healthcare professional education standards. To foster learning about, from and with each other, consistent with the Interprofessional Education Consortium’s Core Competencies, many graduate schools are integrating interprofessional (IP) simulation experiences throughout their educational curricula, providing multiple opportunities for health professional students to collaborate and practice together. High-fidelity, real-time simulations help students from diverse professional backgrounds to apply their classroom learning in realistic clinical situations, utilize mobile technology to access clinical decision support (CDS) software, and receive feedback in a safe setting, ensuring they are practice-ready upon graduation. Methods: New York University Rory Meyers College of Nursing (NYU) and Long Island University College of Pharmacy (LIU) partnered for two consecutive years to create, coordinate and implement two interprofessional educational simulations involving patients with chronic cardiovascular disease. A utilization-focused evaluation of high-fidelity, simulation-enhanced IPE (Sim-IPE) was implemented to assess students’ IP competencies before and after their participation in the IPE-simulation and their overall satisfaction with the experience. The Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Survey (ICCAS), a reliable instrument, was administered to both doctor of pharmacy students and primary care advanced practice nursing students before and after each simulation experience. Additionally, student satisfaction surveys were administered following the IPE-simulation. Results: Aggregated means revealed statistically significant improvements in each of the six domains including communication, collaboration, roles and responsibilities, collaborative patient/family approach, conflict resolution and team functioning. Student ratings revealed positive experiences with the IPE-simulations. Conclusions: High-fidelity, real-time IPE-simulation is a powerful pedagogy to help graduate students from different professional backgrounds practice applying IP competencies in simulated experiences. Quality improvement studies and research studies are needed to assess the impact of high-fidelity, real-time simulations throughout graduate curricula with different types of patients to improve coordinated, team approaches to treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number216
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • Clinical decision support (CDS)
  • High-fidelity simulation
  • Interprofessional education (IPE)
  • Mobile technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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