Natural and man-made hazards are often associated with costly damages to civil infrastructure systems, such as buildings, bridges, Levees, dams, pipelines and offshore structures of all types. The lack of high-quality field and lab data of soil system response have eluded researchers and practitioners until recently. Recent advancements in physical modeling facilities (centrifuge and full scale) and advancement in remote sensing technology are leading to a new reality for the health assessment of soil–structure systems. This new reality is leading to a paradigm shift in the evaluation and modeling of soil–structure systems. Physical modeling, remote sensing and computational simulations are destined to replace the current empirical approaches and will ultimately become the main tool for analysis and design of soil–structure systems. The paper discusses the results of recent research studies utilizing physical modeling to simulate the response of critical soil–structure systems to natural and man-made hazards.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology