Recruitment of black women with type 2 diabetes into a self-management intervention trial

Kelley Newlin, Gail D.Eramo Melkus, Vanessa Jefferson, Susan Langerman, Julie Womack, Deborah Chyun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of recruitment methods to enrollment status in Black women with type 2 diabetes screened for entry into a randomized clinical trial (RCT). Using a cross-sectional study design with convenience sampling procedures, data were collected on recruitment methods to which the women responded (N=236). Results demonstrated that the RCT had a moderate overall recruitment rate of 46% and achieved only 84% of its projected accrual goal (N=109). Chi-square analysis demonstrated that enrollment outcomes varied significantly according to recruitment methods (P=.05). Recruitment methods such as community health fairs (77.8%), private practice referrals (75.0%), participant referrals (61.5%), community clinic referrals (44.6%), community advertising and marketing (40.9%), and chart review (40.4%) demonstrated variable enrollment yields. Results confirm previous findings that indicate that Black Americans may be successfully recruited into research studies at moderate rates when traditional recruitment methods are enhanced and integrated with more culturally sensitive methods. Lessons learned are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)956-962
Number of pages7
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 2006


  • Black women
  • Clinical trial
  • Recruitment
  • Sampling
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology


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