Recruitment of US Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) into Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)–Related Behavioral Research Studies: A Scoping Review

Ann Margaret Dunn Navarra, Caroline Handschuh, Theresa Hroncich, Susan Kaplan Jacobs, Lloyd Goldsamt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: The objective of this scoping review was to examine the range of published evidence on recruitment approaches and outcomes of US adolescents and young adults (AYA) ages (18–29 years) into human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–related behavioral research studies during the past 10 years. Recent Findings: Implementation of effective behavioral research strategies among HIV at-risk and infected AYA is key to ending the HIV epidemic and necessitates successful recruitment strategies. Summary: A comprehensive search was executed across four electronic databases. Of the 1697 identified studies, seven met inclusion criteria with six of these seven directed to HIV prevention. Most studies used online recruitment as part of a hybrid strategy, and combined field-based/in-person and online methods. Recruitment strategies and outcomes, resources and compensation, procedures for consent, and timelines varied among all seven studies. Our results highlight the need for development of recruitment models in alignment with behavioral strategies aimed to treat and prevent HIV among US AYA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)615-631
Number of pages17
JournalCurrent HIV/AIDS Reports
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Clinical studies
  • HIV
  • Recruitment
  • Research subject

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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