Regenerative Endodontic Procedures for Traumatized Immature Permanent Teeth with Severe External Root Resorption and Root Perforation

Jing Lu, He Liu, Zhaojie Lu, Bill Kahler, Louis M. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


External root resorption (ERR) is often a complication of traumatic injury to the teeth. Traditionally, external inflammatory root resorption is treated with calcium hydroxide. The outcome of ERR, especially replacement resorption, is unpredictable. The purpose of the present case report was to describe regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs) for 1 replanted avulsed tooth with severe external root resorption and root perforation (tooth #9) and 1 extruded tooth (tooth #8). A 9-year-old girl was referred for the treatment of teeth #8 and #9 4 months after the initial trauma. Clinical examination showed that tooth #9 had a sinus tract present near the periapical area, was tender to percussion and palpation, and did not respond to pulp sensibility tests. Tooth #8 responded to pulp sensibility tests. Periapical radiographic and cone-beam computed tomographic examination showed that tooth #9 had a periapical radiolucent lesion and severe ERRs with a root perforation. Tooth #9 was diagnosed with a necrotic pulp and symptomatic apical periodontitis. Regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs) were initiated. Tooth #8 became nonresponsive to pulp sensibility tests and developed a periapical lesion 12 months after REPs of tooth #9 and was also treated with REPs. The clinical symptoms and apical lesions resolved for both teeth after REPs. The severe ERRs were arrested, and root perforation was repaired for tooth #9. Teeth #8 and #9 underwent canal obliteration by hard tissue formation after REPs and were in function at 18 months and 30 months, respectively. REPs may be used to manage traumatized immature permanent teeth with a necrotic pulp and apical periodontitis associated with severe ERR and root perforation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1610-1615
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of endodontics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2020


  • Avulsion
  • calcium hydroxide
  • external root resorption
  • regenerative endodontic procedures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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