Regulating low-dimensional magnetic behavior of organic radicals in crystalline hydrogen-bonded host frameworks

Airon C. Soegiarto, Wah Yan, Andrew D. Kent, Michael D. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A series of S = organic radicals - TEMPO (TEMPO = 2,2,6,6- tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl), 4-methoxy-TEMPO, and 4-oxo-TEMPO - have been included in the cavities of porous lamellar host frameworks constructed from guanidinium (G) cations and organodisulfonate (DS) anions, which assemble into hydrogen-bonded guanidinium sulfonate (GS) sheets connected by organodisulfonate pillars that create cavities between the sheets. The pillars can project above or below the GS sheet in different configurations, affording various architectural framework isomers whose selectivity is determined by the relative sizes of the guests and the pillars. Each framework isomer is endowed with uniquely sized and shaped cavities, which influence the molecular arrangement of the radical guests included within the host lattice. Notably, TEMPO guests in the 1-D channels of simple brick G2BPDS host (BPDS = biphenyl-4,4′-disulfonate) arrange as a two-leg ladder (a chain of dimers), whereas TEMPO guests in the cavities of zigzag brick G2NDS host (NDS = naphthalene-2,6-disulfonate) form dimers that are distributed into a 2-D square-planar lattice. The high-temperature magnetic susceptibility, χmol, conformed with Curie-Weiss behavior, with negative Weiss constants, consistent with bulk antiferromagnetic ordering. The Néel temperatures (TN) for G2BPDS·2(TEMPO) and G 2NDS·2(TEMPO) were found to be 3.83 K and 4.10 K, respectively, as indicated by the presence of a broad maximum in χmol near these temperatures. In contrast, TN for host-free crystalline TEMPO is lower at 2.3 K, suggesting that enforced ordering can alter the magnetic properties of the TEMPO guests. The low-temperature χmol data for G2BPDS·2(TEMPO) agreed well with the Troyer two-leg ladder spin model, with J/kB = -7.29 K along the rungs of the ladder (intra-dimer) and J/kB = -0.45 K along the legs of the ladder (inter-dimer). The χmol data for G 2NDS·2(TEMPO) agreed best with Bleaney-Bowers behavior for isolated dimers with J/kB = -3.31 K for the encapsulated TEMPO dimer. These results demonstrate that magnetic behavior, including dimensionality, can be manipulated through judicious selection of host and magnetic guests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2204-2219
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Issue number7
StatePublished - Feb 21 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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