Regulation of an H-ras-related transcript by parathyroid hormone in rat osteosarcoma cells

Donald K. Scott, William R. Weaver, John C. Clohisy, Kimberly D. Brakenhoff, Arnold J. Kahn, Nicola C. Partridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The rat osteosarcoma cell line UMR 106-01 is a commonly used model system for the study of osteoblast function. However, it also expresses a phenotype characteristic of transformed cells. To test whether the latter could be accounted for by aberrant oncogene expression, we probed Northern blots of UMR and other osteoblastic cells with a panel of oncogene probes. These blots, when probed with a cDNA specific for v-H-ras, revealed a 7.0-kilobase (kb) H-ras-related transcript (designated HRRT) in UMR 106-01 cells that was not expressed in other osteoblastic cells. Osteoblast-enriched calvarial cells expressed the typical 1.1-kb H-ras mRNA, which was absent in UMR cells. Additionally, Western blots of lysates of UMR cells documented the presence of three proteins immunologically related to H-rasp21. To determine whether HRRT represented a recombinant retrovirus product, Northern blots were probed with a cDNA specific for the highly conserved gag-pol region of Moloney murine leukemia virus. These blots showed parallel cross-reactivity with an apparently identical transcript of 7.0 kb. The 7.0-kb transcripts detected by both v-H-ras and gag-pol probes declined to the same extent after treatment with concentrations of PTH known to inhibit proliferation of these cells. PTH regulated the abundance of HRRT in a time- and dose-dependent manner, with greatest repression of the transcript after 8 h of treatment with 10-8 M PTH. The decrease in HRRT could not be completely accounted for by changes in transcriptional activity, as determined by nuclear run-on assays. This suggests that posttranscriptional mechanisms may be partly responsible for the abundance of the transcript. Taken together, these data strongly suggest that the transformed phenotype of the rat osteosarcoma cell line UMR 106-01 is the result of the elevated expression of an H-ras-related sequence contained within an endogenous retrovirus. This conclusion follows not only from Northern blot analysis of HRRT mRNA, but also from the observation that the proliferative effects of PTH are linked, we suggest causally, to the level of expression of HRRT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1425-1432
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Endocrinology
Volume6
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Molecular Biology

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