Regulation of leaf maturation by chromatin-mediated modulation of cytokinin responses

Idan Efroni, Soon Ki Han, Hye Jin Kim, Miin Feng Wu, Evyatar Steiner, Kenneth D. Birnbaum, Jong Chan Hong, Yuval Eshed, Doris Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Plant shoots display indeterminate growth, while their evolutionary decedents, the leaves, are determinate. Determinate leaf growth is conditioned by the CIN-TCP transcription factors, which promote leaf maturation and are negatively regulated by miR319 in leaf primordia. Here we show that CIN-TCPs reduce leaf sensitivity to cytokinin (CK), a phytohormone implicated in inhibition of differentiation in the shoot. We identify the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling ATPase BRAHMA (BRM) as a genetic mediator of CIN-TCP activities and CK responses. An interactome screen further revealed that SWI/SNF complex components including BRM preferentially interacted with basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors and the bHLH-related CIN-TCPs. Indeed, TCP4 and BRM interacted in planta. Both TCP4 and BRM bound the promoter of an inhibitor of CK responses, ARR16, and induced its expression. Reconstituting ARR16 levels in leaves with reduced CIN-TCP activity restored normal growth. Thus, CIN-TCP and BRM together promote determinate leaf growth by stage-specific modification of CK responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)438-445
Number of pages8
JournalDevelopmental Cell
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 25 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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  • Cite this

    Efroni, I., Han, S. K., Kim, H. J., Wu, M. F., Steiner, E., Birnbaum, K. D., Hong, J. C., Eshed, Y., & Wagner, D. (2013). Regulation of leaf maturation by chromatin-mediated modulation of cytokinin responses. Developmental Cell, 24(4), 438-445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.devcel.2013.01.019