Reincarceration Risk Among Men with Mental Illnesses Leaving Prison: A Risk Environment Analysis

Stacey L. Barrenger, Jeffrey Draine, Beth Angell, Daniel Herman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Reentry interventions for persons with mental illness leaving prison have consisted primarily of linkage to mental health services and have produced mixed results on psychiatric and criminal recidivism. These interventions primarily focus on intra-individual risk factors. However, social and environmental factors may also increase risk of reincarceration by constraining choices and pro-social opportunities for community reintegration upon release from prison. In order to add to the knowledge base on understanding reincarceration risk for men with mental illnesses leaving prison, we examined interpersonal and environmental factors that exposed men to heightened risk for reincarceration. As part of a larger study examining the effectiveness of Critical Time Intervention for men with mental illness leaving prison, in-depth interviews were conducted with 28 men within 6 months of release from prison. Policies and practices at local and state levels, community conditions, and interpersonal obligation and conflict were identified as increasing risk for reincarceration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)883-892
Number of pages10
JournalCommunity mental health journal
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2017


  • Community reentry from prison
  • Critical time intervention
  • Mental illness
  • Recidivism
  • Risk environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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