Relationship power and sexual risk among women in community-based substance abuse treatment

Aimee N.C. Campbell, Susan Tross, Shari L. Dworkin, Mei Chen Hu, Jennifer Manuel, Martina Pavlicova, Edward V. Nunes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Relationship power has been highlighted as a major factor influencing women's safer sex practices. Little research, however, has specifically examined relationship power in drug-involved women, a population with increased risk for HIV transmission. Using baseline data from a National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network multisite trial of a women's HIV prevention intervention in community-based drug treatment programs, this paper examined the association between sexual relationship power and unprotected vaginal or anal sex. The Sexual Relationship Power Scale, a measure of relationship control and decision-making dominance, was used to assess the association between power and unprotected sex in relationships with primary male partners. It was hypothesized that increased relationship power would be associated with decreased unprotected sexual occasions, after controlling for relevant empirical and theoretical covariates. Findings show a more complex picture of the association between power and sexual risk in this population, with a main effect in the hypothesized direction for decision-making dominance but not for relationship control. Possible explanations for these findings are discussed, and future research directions for examining power constructs and developing interventions targeting relationship power among drug-involved women are suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)951-964
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Urban Health
Volume86
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Relationship power
  • Substance abuse
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Urban Studies
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Campbell, A. N. C., Tross, S., Dworkin, S. L., Hu, M. C., Manuel, J., Pavlicova, M., & Nunes, E. V. (2009). Relationship power and sexual risk among women in community-based substance abuse treatment. Journal of Urban Health, 86(6), 951-964. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-009-9405-0