Relativistic adiabatic invariants of electron motion under ECRH

S. P. Kuo, B. R. Cheo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Three adiabatic invariants of the electron motion under electron cyclotron resonance heating have been derived. The relativistic effect has been included in the analysis. It is shown that the relativistic effect always tends to reduce the parallel energy of the electrons during the early stage of heating.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-42
Number of pages4
JournalPhysics Letters A
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - May 6 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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