Relay-Assisted OFDM-Based Visible Light Communications

Refik Caglar Kizilirmak, Omer Narmanlioglu, Murat Uysal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, we investigate a relay-assisted visible light communication (VLC) system where an intermediate light source cooperates with the main light source. Specifically, we consider two light sources in an office space: one is the information source employed on the ceiling and the other one is a task light. Our system uses dc biased optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (DCO-OFDM) where the task light performs relaying to assist the communication and operates in half-duplex mode for both amplify-and-forward and decode-and-forward relaying. We investigate the bit error rate (BER) performance of the relay-assisted VLC system and optimize the performance through optimal ac/dc power allocation under illumination constraints. The dc power allocation is determined by sharing the number of LED chips between the terminals to satisfy a desired luminance ratio. The ac power allocation decides the fraction of the information signal power to be consumed at the terminals in order to minimize the BER. Numerical results reveal that cooperation brings significant performance gains over direct transmission. We further provide comparisons of two relaying techniques under consideration and discuss the effect of clipping noise on the error rate performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7180320
Pages (from-to)3765-3778
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2015


  • OFDM
  • Visible light communication
  • cooperative communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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