La renovación de la atención primaria de salud en las Américas

Translated title of the contribution: Renewing primary health care in the Americas

James Macinko, Hernán Montenegro, Carme Nebot Adell, Carissa Etienne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

At the 2003 meeting of the Directing Council of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the PAHO Member States issued a mandate to strengthen primary health care (Resolution CD44.R6). The mandate led in 2005 to the document "Renewing Primary Health Care in the Americas. A Position Paper of the Pan American Health Organization/WHO [World Health Organization],* and it culminated in the Declaration of Montevideo, an agreement among the governments of the Region of the Americas to renew their commitment to primary health care (PHC). Scientific data have shown that PHC, regarded as the basis of all the health systems in the Region, is a key component of effective health systems and can be adapted to the range of diverse social, cultural, and economic conditions that exist. The new, global health paradigm has given rise to changes in the population's health care needs. Health services and systems must adapt to address these changes. Building on the legacy of the International Conference on Primary Health Care, held in 1978 in Alma-Ata (Kazakhstan, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), PAHO proposes a group of strategies critical to adopting PHC-based health care systems based on the principles of equity, solidarity, and the right to the highest possible standard of health. The main objective of the strategies is to develop and/or strengthen PHC-based health systems in the entire Region of the Americas. A substantial effort will be required on the part of health professionals, citizens, governments, associations, and agencies. This document explains the strategies that must be employed at the national, subregional, Regional, and global levels.

Translated title of the contributionRenewing primary health care in the Americas
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)73-84
Number of pages12
JournalRevista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health
Volume21
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Feb 2007

Keywords

  • Americas
  • Health policy
  • Primary health care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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