Replay of stimulus-specific temporal patterns during associative memory formation

Sebastian Michelmann, Howard Bowman, Simon Hanslmayr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Forming a memory often entails the association of recent experience with present events. This recent experience is usually an information-rich and dynamic representation of the world around us. We here show that associating a static cue with a previously shown dynamic stimulus yields a detectable, dynamic representation of this stimulus. We further implicate this representation in the decrease of low-frequency power (∼4–30 Hz) in the ongoing EEG, which is a well-known corre- late of successful memory formation. The reappearance of content-specific patterns in desynchronizing brain oscillations was observed in two sensory domains, that is, in a visual condition and in an auditory condition. Together with previous results, these data suggest a mechanism that generalizes across domains and processes, in which the decrease in oscillatory power allows for the dynamic representation of information in ongoing brain oscillations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1577-1589
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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