The sex difference issue was raised in a curiously unacknowledged way by those psychologists who chose all-male research samples, since the choice of a single-sex sample reflects an implicit premise of gender difference. But a sex-difference hypothesis cannot be tested adequately unless the standards of assessment are derived from studies of women as well as from studies of men. Otherwise, the questions being asked are: How much are women like men? Or, how much do women deviate from the male-defined standard?.
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