Reproductive output, foraging destinations, and isotopic niche of olive ridley and loggerhead sea turtles, and their hybrids, in Brazil

Luciano S. Soares, Karen A. Bjorndal, Alan B. Bolten, Marta L. Wayne, Jaqueline C. Castilhos, Marilda I. Weber, Milagros López-Mendilaharsu, Maria A. Marcovaldi, Sibelle T. Vilaça, Eugenia Naro-Maciel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hybridization is a fundamental evolutionary and ecological process with significant conservation ramifications. Sea turtle hybridization occurs at unusually high frequencies along the northeastern coast of Brazil. To better understand the process, we studied the reproductive output, migration patterns (through satellite telemetry), and isotopic niches of loggerhead turtles Caretta caretta and olive ridley turtles Lepidochelys olivacea and their hybrids. We classified 154 nesting females as loggerhead (n = 91), olive ridley (n = 38), or hybrid (n = 25) based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. Further, we compared nesting female morphological data and reproductive parameters (clutch size, emergence success, hatchling production, incubation period) of 405 nests among hybrids and parental species. We found no significant differences among the 3 groups when hatchling production was corrected for female body size, indicating that hybrids and parental species produce similar numbers of hatchlings per clutch. Satellite tracking of 8 post-nesting hybrid females revealed shared foraging grounds with both parental species, as well as neritic migrations between foraging and nesting areas similar to those previously reported for loggerheads and olive ridleys. Analyses of 13C and 15N isotope values (n = 69) further confirmed this pattern, as hybrid isotopic niches overlapped extensively with both parental species. Thus, given the similarities presented between hybrids and their parental species in reproductive, ecological, and behavioral characteristics, we conclude that these hybrids may persist along with other sea turtle nesting populations in the area, with research and conservation implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-251
Number of pages15
JournalEndangered Species Research
Volume44
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Foraging
  • Hybridization
  • Isotopic niche
  • Marine turtle
  • Migration
  • Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA
  • Reproductive output
  • Satellite tracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

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