Resonance Raman spectra of S2TPP, SSeTPP, Se2TPP, and H2TPP: Extended tetraphenylporphine vibrational assignments and bonding effects

Paul Stein, Avi Ulman, Thomas G. Spiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Resonance Raman (RR) spectra of dichalcogen (S or Se) substituted and free-base tetraphenylporphine (TPP), obtained with B-band excitation, show features corresponding to most of the expected in-plane porphyrin skeletal vibrations, and a pair of bands due to phenyl vibrations (1598, 640 cm-1). H2TPP (free base) also shows three depolarized bands (1383, 441, 167 cm-1) and one anomalously polarized band (1135 cm-1), and two extra bands, at 1327 and 674 cm-1, which disappear in D2TPP and are assigned to in- and out-of-plane NH bending modes. The porphyrin skeletal modes can all be correlated with previously recorded modes of (FeTPP)2O and its d8 and J20 isotopic forms, and the symmetry lowering (D4h → D2h) in the X2TPP molecules allows assignment of depolarized D4h parent modes to B1g or B2g symmetry classes. The previous assignments of the TPP skeletal modes are extended with the aid of the present data. The RR relative intensities of SSeTPP are very different for excitation at 4579 or 5145 Å, consistent with x polarization (the x axis passes through S and Se) of the higher energy Q transition and y polarization of the lower energy B transition. A general lowering of all skeletal frequencies between S2TPP and Se2TPP, greater than expected from the mass change alone, supports the inference from previous electrochemical studies and from MO calculations that Se is more effective than S in draining π electrons from the porphyrin ring. Two specifically X-sensitive bands are assigned to CaX stretching and symmetric X-ring deformation, occurring at frequencies close to analogous modes in thiophene and selenophene. Both pairs of bands are observed for SSeTPP, at slightly shifted frequencies, indicative of some inter-ring interaction. The interaction may be linked to direct X⋯X bonding or may be transmitted via the porphyrin conjugation. One of the low-frequency porphyrin deformations is attributed to a radial motion of the X-rings, showing a systematic decrease from S2TPP (330 cm-1) to SSeTPP (295 cm-1) to Se2TPP (280 cm-1). The decrease is less than expected from the increased mass of the selenophene ring and is consistent with stronger SeSe than SS bonding. Differential mixing with other porphyrin deformation coordinates could also explain the trend, however. SSeTPP shows two weak bands, at 1106 and 1019 cm-1, which are coincident with IR bands and are attributable to activation of Eu-derived modes. Their weakness, and the absence of the many other Eu-derived modes, implies that there is no large displacement of the porphyrin pseudosymmetry center in the excited state of SSeTPP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-374
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of physical chemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Resonance Raman spectra of S2TPP, SSeTPP, Se2TPP, and H2TPP: Extended tetraphenylporphine vibrational assignments and bonding effects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this