Restraint-free care: how does a nurse decide?

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Decisions by nurses to avoid physical restraint use in older adults is a complex process that requires individualized, comprehensive assessment and creative problem-solving. Institutional and social policy increasingly support a standard of restraint elimination influencing care decisions with frail older adults. It has become clear that the decision to avoid or use physical restraint is influenced as well by nurses' attitude or beliefs about the efficacy of restraint. To further understand how decisions are made to avoid physical restraint, it is important to also explore the degree to which nurses possess knowledge, autonomy, and accountability in this decision-making process. Understanding how decisions are influenced will advance the development of restraint-free care interventions for older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-14
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of gerontological nursing
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing
  • Gerontology


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