A search for UHE gamma-rays from 13 candidate point sources observable in the northern hemisphere (the Crab Nebula and Pulsar, Cygnus X-3, Hercules X-1, Geminga and others) has been performed by the EAS-TOP array during four years of operation since January 1989 to December 1993, at different energy thresholds (E0 = 30-300 TeV). DC, periodic and sporadic emissions have been studied, and no evidence for significant excesses has been found from any of these searches. The derived 90% c.l. upper limits to the d.c. flux, for a source culminating at the zenith such as Cygnus X-3, are Φ(E > 230 TeV) < 2 × 10-14 cm-2 s-1, Φ(E > 90 TeV) < 4.1 × 10-14 cm-2 s-1 and Φ(E > 25 TeV) < 1.9 × 10-13 cm-2 s-1. The excess from the Crab Nebula of February 23, 1989, as reported by the EAS-TOP, Baksan and KGF arrays, remains the only sporadic excess detected with statistically significant confidence level (probability of background imitation ≈ 10-5).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics