Retinal imaging with en face and cross-sectional optical coherence tomography delineates outer retinal changes in cancer-associated retinopathy secondary to Merkel cell carcinoma

Nisreen K. Mesiwala, Nathan Shemonski, Michelle G. Sandrian, Ryan Shelton, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Hussein A. Tawbi, Joel S. Schuman, Stephen A. Boppart, Leanne T. Labriola

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: The study aims to correlate Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) with Goldmann visual field (GVF) to show the photoreceptor (PR) structure and function relationship in the first described case of cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR) from Merkel cell carcinoma. Findings: A case study of a patient with CAR who was imaged with serial GVF and FD-OCT over a 2-year period was carried out. En face images were created using a custom algorithm from the volumetric Fourier-domain OCT scans at the PR level. The areas of decreased PR reflectivity on the en face images were compared with GVF obtained at the same time point. Regions of reduced signal on en face scans corresponded with the position and shape of the GVF scotomas. Initially, the vision improved without PR changes. Cross-sectional OCTs showed early recovery of the outer nuclear layer and later improvement in the nerve fiber layer. Worsening vision corresponded with recurrence of the underlying cancer. Progressive global retinal atrophy was seen over time. Conclusions: Merkle cell carcinoma can cause CAR. Retinal function recovered without structural PR recovery. Transient vision improvements in treated CAR patients may be due to layers other than the PRs, but eventual vision decline results from significant progressive retinal atrophy.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number25
    JournalJournal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
    Volume5
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 2 2015

    Keywords

    • En face
    • Merkel
    • OCT
    • Paraneoplastic
    • Retinopathy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ophthalmology
    • Infectious Diseases

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