Retinoic acid production, regulation and containment through Zic1, Pitx2c and Cyp26c1 control cranial placode specification

Aditi Dubey, Jianshi Yu, Tian Liu, Maureen A. Kane, Jean Pierre Saint-Jeannet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

All paired sensory organs arise from a common precursor domain called the pre-placodal region (PPR). In Xenopus, Zic1 non-cell autonomously regulates PPR formation by activating retinoic acid (RA) production. Here, we have identified two Zic1 targets, the RA catabolizing enzyme Cyp26c1 and the transcription factor Pitx2c, expressed in the vicinity of the PPR as being crucially required for maintaining low RA levels in a spatially restricted, PPR-adjacent domain.Morpholino- or CRISPR/Cas9-mediated Cyp26c1 knockdown abrogated PPR gene expression, yielding defective cranial placodes. Direct measurement of RA levels revealed that this is mediated by a mechanism involving excess RA accumulation. Furthermore, we show that pitx2c is activated by RA and required for Cyp26c1 expression in a domain-specific manner through induction of FGF8. We propose that Zic1 anteriorly establishes a programofRAcontainment and regulation through activation of Cyp26c1 and Pitx2c that cooperates to promote PPR specification in a spatially restricted domain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberdev193227
JournalDevelopment (Cambridge)
Volume148
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Degradation
  • Patterning
  • Placode
  • Retinoic acid
  • Xenopus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology

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