In this paper, an extension to the multiwinding BCTRAN model is proposed for the study of low-frequency saturating transients in single-phase transformers. The conventional experimentally obtained BCTRAN (winding leakage) susceptance matrix is retrofitted with a previously missing experimentally obtained nonlinear (core magnetizing) model. The assembled model gives accurate results for transients in all terminals. The model parameters can be acquired from information available in the nameplate plus terminal tests without the need of detailed transformer design or construction information. Only needed are standard no-load and impedance tests plus a newly introduced saturation test. Very simple formulas are proposed to compute the parameters. Illustrative examples on how the parameters are computed are given for three transformers rated 1.8, 5, and 75 kVA. For model validation, laboratory inrush currents tests are carried out and compared with simulations using the EMTP-RV. The results show that the simulations and experimental results match very closely giving great confidence in the model correctness and parameter estimation method.
- electromagnetic transients
- saturation inductance
- terminal measurements
- transformer modeling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering