Returns to skill, compensating differentials, and gender bias: effects of occupational characteristics on the wages of white women and men

B. S. Kilbourne, P. England, G. Farkas, K. Beron, D. Weir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A regression model with fixed-effects and national individual-level panel data (1966-81) is used to decompose the sex gap in pay. Net positive returns to individuals' education and experience and to occupations' cognitive and physical skills are found. While sex differences in experience have large effects on the sex gap skill contributes little to the gap. Negative returns to being in an occupation with a higher percentage of females or requiring more nurturant social skill are found. These forms of gendered valuation contribute significantly to the sex gap in pay. The analysis did not find consistently positive effects for onerous physical conditions, nor did these have much effect on the gap. -Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)689-719
Number of pages31
JournalAmerican Journal of Sociology
Volume100
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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