Review of National Healthcare Systems in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries for Noncommunicable Diseases Management

Ibtihal Fadhil, Raghib Ali, Shadha S. Al-Raisi, Buthaina Abdulla Bin Belaila, Sehamuddin Galadari, Afzal Javed, Kadhim Sulaiman, Kanwal Saeed, Shams Arifeen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Objectives: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of mortality in all Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) member countries and place a substantial economic burden on the governments and people. The escalating demand for NCD-related health services takes an enormous toll on health systems in these countries. There is an urgent need to make significant advances in the healthcare infrastructure and develop strategies to overcome the NCD challenge. This review aims to provide the status of national healthcare systems and national NCD policies in GCC countries to highlight the challenges and identify opportunities towards strengthening NCD management and control. Methods: We searched the PubMed database, the World Health Organization, and the Ministry of Health websites of GCC countries to identify relevant information. Results: Future strategies and investments in healthcare infrastructure to overcome the NCD challenge include continuing high-level commitment towards multisectoral actions, redesigning healthcare delivery to advance universal healthcare coverage, enabling integration of healthcare services through organizational alignment to maintain care continuum, building the capacity of health workforce, developing effective treatment strategies through research based on local populations, integrating mental health into general public health policy, and lastly, establishing reliable NCD surveillance and monitoring programs. Conclusions: Measures to address NCDs must be continued with focus on health-in-all policies, and whole-of-government and whole-of-society approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere370
JournalOman Medical Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2022


  • Gulf Cooperation Council
  • Mental Health
  • Noncommunicable Diseases
  • Prevention and Control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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