This two-part paper is intended to inform power system engineers, electrical engineering academicians, and suppliers of electrical apparatus of the threat of wildfires initiated from mal-operation of electrical grids and the unexploited opportunity to develop proper solutions and preventive means to such lethal events. This part (Part I) reviews and categorizes research in different fields of science and industrial projects that attempt to address wildfire issues. The topics include prediction and prevention means, detection methods, monitoring and surveillance techniques, suppression methods, allocation and mapping algorithms, and a summary of research and educational efforts. Subsequently, this paper highlights the damages and negative effects that a wildfire can cause to the electric grid and the interruptions to its continuous operation. Finally, this paper analyzes and categorizes the various scenarios of faulty electrical networks that may lead to wildfires. Part I of this paper provides the ground work and information for the solutions and discussions presented in Part II.
- fault current detection
- fault current limiters
- high impedance faults
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering