Revisiting atmospheric dust export to the Southern Hemisphere ocean: Biogeochemical implications

Thibaut Wagener, Cécile Guieu, Rémi Losno, Sophie Bonnet, Natalie Mahowald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aerosol concentrations in the Southern Hemisphere are largely undersampled. This study presents a chemical and physical description of dust particles collected on board research vessels in the southeast Pacific (SEPS) and the Southern Ocean (SOKS). Concentrations of dust were 6.1 ± 2.4 ng M-3 for SEPS and 13.0 ± 6.3 2 ng m-3 for SOKS. Dust fluxes, derived from those concentrations, were 9.9 ± 3.7 μg m-2 d-1 for SEPS and 38 ± 14 d μg m-2 d-1 SOKS and are shown to be representative of actual fluxes in those areas. Dust and iron deposition are up to 2 orders of magnitude lower than former predictions. A map of dust deposition on the Southern Hemisphere is proposed by incorporating those in situ measurements into a dust model. This study confirms that dust deposition is not the dominant source of iron to the large high-nutrient low-chlorophyll Southern Ocean.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberGB2006
JournalGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Environmental Science
  • Atmospheric Science


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