RhoA prenylation is required for promotion of cell growth and transformation and cytoskeleton organization but not for induction of serum response element transcription

Cuider Allal, Gilles Favre, Bettina Couderc, Sandrine Salicio, Sophie Sixou, Andrew D. Hamilton, Said M. Sebti, Isabelle Lajoie-Mazenc, Anne Pradines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The importance of post-translational geranylgeranylation of the GTPase RhoA for its ability to induce cellular proliferation and malignant transformation is not well understood. In this manuscript we demonstrate that geranylgeranylation is required for the proper cellular localization of V14RhoA and for its ability to induce actin stress fiber and focal adhesion formation. Furthermore, V14RhoA geranylgeranylation was also required for suppressing p21(WAF) transcription, promoting cell cycle progression and cellular proliferation. The ability of V14RhoA to induce focus formation and enhance plating efficiency and oncogenic Ras anchorage-dependent growth was also dependent on its geranylgeranylation. The only biological activity of V14RhoA that was not dependent on its prenylation was its ability to induce serum response element transcriptional activity. Furthermore, we demonstrate that a farnesylated form of V14RhoA was also able to bind RhoGDI-1, was able to induce cytoskeleton organization, proliferation, and transformation, and was just as potent as geranylgeranylated V14RhoA at suppressing p21(WAF) transcriptional activity. These results demonstrate that RhoA geranylgeranylation is required for its biological activity and that the nature of the lipid modification is not critical.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31001-31008
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number40
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 6 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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