Risk factors for child psychological abuse

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


We review the risk and protective factors for child emotional abuse. Two main directions can be derived from this review. First and foremost, definitional issues must be resolved. Second, some clues as to important future research directions emerged from the current risk factor literature. Distal historical variables (e.g., relationships with fathers perceived as less caring, and being yelled at daily as a child), current enduring personality factors (e.g., aggression and hostility, neuroticism), environmental stressors (e.g., very low income) and proximal variables (verbal and physical aggression between parents) all appear to be related to child psychological abuse. Once definitional issues are resolved, models beginning with these risk factors should be developed and tested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-201
Number of pages13
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - 2001


  • Aggression
  • Child psychological abuse
  • Distal historical variables
  • Environmental stressors
  • Hostility
  • Neuroticism
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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