Risk Factors for Clinically Significant Intimate Partner Violence Among Active-Duty Members

Amy M. Smith Slep, Heather M. Foran, Richard E. Heyman, Jeffery D. Snarr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hypothesized risk factors for men's and women's clinically significant intimate partner violence (CS-IPV) from four ecological levels (i.e., individual, family, workplace, community) were tested in a representative sample of active-duty U.S. Air Force members (N = 42,744). When considered together, we expected only individual and family factors to account for unique variance in CS-IPV perpetration. Hypothesized factors from all four ecological levels were related to men's CS-IPV perpetration bivariately, but, as expected, only individual and family factors accounted for unique variance across ecological levels. For women, only risk factors from the individual and family levels were significantly related to CS-IPV perpetration even bivariately. Results imply somewhat different risk profiles across gender and identify ecological risk factors of men's CS-IPV not previously studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)486-501
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Marriage and Family
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2011


  • Aggression
  • Community
  • Domestic violence
  • Ecological theory
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Military families

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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