Robot-assisted lung motion compensation during needle insertion

S. Farokh Atashzar, Iman Khalaji, Mahya Shahbazi, Ali Talasaz, Rajni V. Patel, Michael D. Naish

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In this paper, a robotic solution is proposed to deal with the challenges caused by lung motion during needle insertion. To accomplish this goal, a macro-micro robotic tool is designed to compensate for tissue motion using the macro part, while performing the needle insertion independently with the micro part. The main application of this work is for robotics-assisted lung tumor biopsy, where the combined motions of respiration and heartbeat may compromise success. An impedance-based controller keeps the macro reference coordinate in contact with the moving soft tissue using measurements from small pressure sensors mounted at the tip of the macro shaft. The micro part, mounted at the end of the macro robot, manipulates the needle in the harmonized reference coordinate system. Preoperative identification of ex vivo soft tissue is performed to estimate the dynamic behavior of the tissue. The controller is then synthesized based on the identified model. The effects of identification error and high frequency uncertainty are addressed in the control design. A prototype was built to evaluate the proposed approach using: 1) two Mitsubishi PA-10 robots, one for manipulating the macro part and the other for mimicking tissue motion, 2) one motorized linear stage to handle the micro part, and 3) a Phantom Omni haptic device for remote manipulation. Experimental results demonstrate the performance of the motion compensation system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2013
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2013
Event2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2013 - Karlsruhe, Germany
Duration: May 6 2013May 10 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
ISSN (Print)1050-4729


Other2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Robot-assisted lung motion compensation during needle insertion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this