We show that rotating membrane inclusions can crystallize due to combined hydrodynamic and steric interactions. Alone, steric repulsion of unconfined particles, even with thermal fluctuations, does not lead to crystallization, nor do rotational hydrodynamic interactions which allow only a marginally stable lattice. Hydrodynamic interactions enable particles to explore states inaccessible to a nonrotational system, yet, unlike Brownian motion, Hamiltonian conservation confines the ensemble which, when combined with steric interactions, anneals into a stable crystal state.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)