Rural parents' vaccination-related attitudes and intention to vaccinate middle and high school children against influenza following educational influenza vaccination intervention

Jessica M. Sales, Julia E. Painter, Karen Pazol, Lisa M. Gargano, Walter A. Orenstein, James M. Hughes, Ralph J. DiClemente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: This study examined changes in parental influenza vaccination attitudes and intentions after participating in school-based educational influenza vaccination intervention. Results: Parents who participated in the intervention conditions reported significantly higher influenza vaccination rates in their adolescents, relative to a control group, as well as increased vaccination rates post-intervention participation relative to their baseline rates. Intervention participants reported greater intention to have their adolescent vaccinated in the coming year compared with control parents. Significant differences were observed post intervention in perceived barriers and benefits of vaccination. Methods: Participants were drawn from three counties participating in a school-based influenza vaccination intervention in rural Georgia (baseline n = 324; follow-up n = 327). Data were collected pre- and post-intervention from phone surveys with parents' with children attending middle- and high-school. Attitudes, beliefs, vaccination history and intention to vaccinate were assessed. Conclusions: These findings suggest that a school-delivered educational influenza vaccination intervention targeting parents and teens may influence influenza vaccination in rural communities. Future influenza vaccination efforts geared toward the parents of rural middle- and high-school students may benefit from addressing barriers and benefits of influenza vaccination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1146-1152
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Vaccines
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Attitudes
  • School-based
  • Seasonal influenza
  • Vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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